10 graphic stories about unicorn from medieval and modern art

22/06/2015

1. Unicorn Tapestries (1495-1505) [caption id="attachment_262" align="aligncenter" width="342"]The Unicorn in Captivity The Unicorn in Captivity[/caption] First, we go on 19th Street in Manhattan, to the Cloisters Museum, where an exceptional collection of seven tapestries,  “Unicorn tapestries’, draws viewers in the story of hunting, capturing and ultimately killing the Unicorn. It’s probably the most complex and beautiful work of art from the medieval period that had withstood time. Opulent de facto – woven with silver wool, silk threads with colorful and natural symbols like weld or madder flowers – these works seem to symbolize in a special way the sufferings of Jesus Christ and the reason of marriage. The works were donated by John D. Rockefeller, who previously had purchased them for more than $ 1 million in 1922. Fortunately, although initially the tapestries had been used to cover sacks of potatoes during the French Revolution, these works of “an incomparable grace and freshness ” have been preserved over the centuries. PHOTO Unicorn in captivity (1495-1505) a powerful creature, delicate and pure. It is believed that here, it illustrates the “tamed” lover. It is tied by a chain of which can easily escape, closed in the middle of a wooden fence over which it can jump. The unicorn can save himself, but assumed constraint is a happy one – an idea suggested by pomegranate tree full of seeds, medieval symbol of marriage and fertility. Many of the plants illustrated – Orchid, thistles – were considered fertility incentives.   2. Workshop Bestiary (1185) [caption id="attachment_289" align="aligncenter" width="280"]The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York The Pierpont Morgan Library, New York[/caption]

The Pierpont Morgan Library in New York hosts a medieval encyclopedia of beasts along time, Workshop Bestiary, which gives us a picture of a virgin taming a unicorn. The work was done in tempera, ink and gold on parchment. PHOTO A Maiden Taming the Unicorn, 1185. This rare blue creature, the unicorn, signifies faith and heart. It is also the symbol of Jesus Christ and chastity, and, in wedding portraits, that of “domestication” of the beloved.  Photo  3. Histoire generale des drogues (1694) pomet_1694_unicorns In the National Library of Medicine from the States there is a history of general medicines’s page, printed in Paris in 1694, as a result of the belief that the unicorn horn was considered a universal panacea. PHOTO anonymous engravings, text written by Pierre Pomet, Histoire generale des drogues.   4. “Iskandar Kills the Monster of Habash” illustration (1300) Shahnama The Department of Medieval Islamic Art has an illustration from the 1300s, with Alexander the Great fighting a monster: Habash, a mythical creature belonging to Ethiopia – perhaps a relative of the rhinoceros.   5. Unicorn in Hebrew art (1491) [caption id="attachment_298" align="aligncenter" width="150"] (© Courtesy of The Library of The Jewish Theological Seminary) The Library of The Jewish Theological Seminary[/caption] For once, the unicorn is not captured by hunters: in Hebrew art! He appears in manuscripts, in settings of synagogues or on religious objects. Hebrew artists claim that is the symbol of their own curse, saying that “the unicorn hunting represent the Hebrew people who are suffering caused by the Messiah, not the suffering of Jesus” – as Michael Epstein Marc says, author of Dreams of Subversion in Medieval Jewish Art and Literature. PHOTO anonymous engraving from 1491, printed by Gershom ben Moses Soncino, Unicorn and Ram in Fable of the Ancients.   6. Thomas Woodruff’s modern unicorn (2011) We see a feast of color and Dionysian opulence around a unicorn in this punk-rockish reinterpretation of the legend. Four Temperament Variations launched at PPOW Gallery in New York in 2011 is a remarkable series of paintings, opulent, colorful and fantasy, in which the illustrator recreated the Hippocratic theory that the body and mind are totally controlled by four different humors (blood, yellow bile, black bile, phlegm) that form the four temperaments, according to their imbalances. Hippocrates was also based on the theory of elements. More exceptional Thomas Woodruff’s paintings HERE   [caption id="attachment_300" align="aligncenter" width="600"]PPOW GALLERY Thomas Woodruff – “Four Temperament Variations” @ PPOW Gallery[/caption] 7. Ceramics: Careful What You Wish For (2013)

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Next: the transformation of the executioner in his victim. Thus, in this bizarre menagerie of ceramics suggestively named “Careful What You Wish For”, Kathy Ruttenberg is changing poles: the unicorn has a female identity and she’s powerful, domineering. And the necklace of tiny skulls on the unicorn neck could be a warning sign for those who want to hunt her. PHOTO: 2013 Ceramic STUX Courtesy Gallery  

8. “Chastity with the Unicorn” (1493)

The painter Francesco Di Giorgio Martini chose to illustrate the creature in his painting with a series of so suggestive and bold colors, that many people have reproduced his work for decorating everything. In those times, there wasn’t something peculiar to put a licorn baby in the arms of a virgin to express, in fact, virtue or chastity and innocence. Here, the mythical cub theme evokes purity and the masculine force that can be controlled only by a woman good and pure at heart. More paintings of the Di Giorgio herex Legend has it that the unicorn was hiding from people and he could only be seen in shady areas like virgin forests. Only virgins could observe and tame it. Therefore, hunters were using her to catch the creature, which is taught in the arms of the Virgin. Miraculous powers unicorn horn and powerful in itself makes it so rare and appreciated. Panacea for infertility, unicorn horn has numerous interpretations of sexuality, but that debate in another story.     9. Leonardo Da Vinci’s sketch (sec. XV) © The Ashmolean Museum of Art & Archaeology, Oxford Even the famous Da Vinci was touched by the charm of the story of this mysterious animal in his youth. Proof is an outline ink of a virgin who tames a licorn, dating from the 15th century. “For the love it bears to fair maidens, the unicorn forgets its ferocity and wildness and laying aside all fear it will go to a seated damsel and sleep in her lap, and thus the hunters take it”, he wrote. Although the sketch should have been precede a painting, none was made, unfortunately. Foto: © The Ashmolean Museum of Art & Archaeology, Oxford  10. Happy Unicorn, Dali (1977) The great creator and the biggest egomaniac Dali painted this in 1977, a surreal picture painted in oil on copper. What is interesting here is that the Unicorn heads to left of frame – points to the inner life, like Whistler’s Mother – the Unicorn is an Aquarian harbinger – mentioned in William Butler Yeats’ story of prophecy, The Coming of the Magi, in which the Aquarian messiah is born as a Unicorn to a prostitute in a slum in Paris (…) (Source) 37  ]]>